Although this New zealand herbal medicine PoSSESSES Anti-microbial properties, Just like Mauka honey, the liquid extract of manuka is made using the aerial pLant parts and, therefore, exhibits many other properties and uses.
Latin Binomial: Leptospermum scoparium
Part Used: Aerial parts
Weekly Dose: 20 – 60 mL per week (1:2)
triterpene acids – unsolicited acid acetate
tannins e.g. ellagic acid
Anti-bacterial (via bactericidal activity and growth inhibition)
Anxiolytic (larger doses)
Mucus membrane tonic
A herb with anti-microbial properties with mucus membrane tonic action. It’s anti-microbial action is strong & broad acting) and is especially useful against gram positive bacteria. Manuka is also useful for any GIT disturbance that has a spasmodic quality or involvement with the nervous system – i.e. IBS
Traditionally used as a bitter tonic to stimulate digestion and enhance appetite. This herb is included in Essiac tea.
Historically, this herb has been used as a ‘cure’ for the plague and malaria – a ‘cure-all’ tonic herb.
Local to Mediterranean areas in Southern Europe.
Botanical Name: Cnicus benedictus
Common Name: Blessed Thistle, bitter thistle, holy thistle, St. Benedict thistle
Family: Compositae. Asteraceae
Part Used: Aerial Parts – leafs, flowers and seeds
Sesquiterpenen lactone glycosides
Flavonoids & polyenes
Essential & volatile oils
Anti-viral — Blessed thistle exhibited no antiviral activity against herpes, influenza or polio viruses in vitro. Lignans found in blessed thistle are under investigation as anti-HIV agents
Anti-tumor — Cnicin and arctigenin exhibited cytotoxic activity against some tumor cell lines including leukemia (HL-60), hepatomas and sarcomas. Arctigenin also induced differentiation in mouse myeloid leukemia cell lines.
Cnicin and the essential oil of blessed thistle were mildly antibacterialin vitro against Bacillus subtilis, Brucella species, Escherichia coli, Proteus species, Psedomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus faecalis; other studies demonstrated no activity against Klebsiella, Pseudemonas, S. aureus, S.tyhpi, or yeast
Safety – Cautions & Contraindications:
Avoid in pregnancy & lactation due to traditional use as an emmenagogue.
1:1 PPC Fresh Tincture
30 drops t.d.s. (before meals as gastric stimulant)
Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinkmann J, editors. Herbal Medicine: Expanded Commission E Monographs. Boston (MA): Integrative Medicine Communications; 2000.
Kemper, K.J. (1999)/ Blessed Thistle Monograph. Centre for Holistic Paediatric Education & Research